Installing the SDK

For the current SDK release, see the links under Current SDK Release in the side navigation.

This page describes how to install the Android 1.0 SDK, Release 2, and set up your development environment. If you haven't downloaded the SDK yet, you can so from the Download page.

Before you begin, be sure that your development environment meets the SDK System Requirements. If you encounter any problems during installation, see the Installation Notes at the bottom of this page.


If you have already developed applications using an earlier version of the SDK, please skip this page and read the Upgrading the SDK document instead.

Installing the SDK

After downloading the SDK, unpack the .zip archive to a suitable location on your machine. By default, the SDK files are unpacked into a directory named android_sdk_<platform>_<release>_<build>. The directory contains a link to a local copy of the documentation and the subdirectories tools/, samples/, and others.

Make a note of the name and location of the unpacked SDK directory on your system — you will need to refer to the SDK directory later, when setting up the Android plugin or using SDK tools.

Optionally, you can add the path to the SDK tools directory to your path. As mentioned above, the tools/ directory is located in the SDK directory.

  • On Linux, edit your ~/.bash_profile or ~/.bashrc file. Look for a line that sets the PATH environment variable and add the full path to the tools/ directory to it. If you don't see a line setting the path, you can add one:
    • export PATH=${PATH}:<your_sdk_dir>/tools
  • On a Mac, look in your home directory for .bash_profile and proceed as for Linux. You can create the .bash_profile, if you haven't already set one up on your machine.
  • On Windows, right click on My Computer, and select Properties. Under the Advanced tab, hit the Environment Variables button, and in the dialog that comes up, double-click on Path under System Variables. Add the full path to the tools/ directory to the path.

Adding tools to your path lets you run Android Debug Bridge (adb) and the other command line tools without needing to supply the full path to the tools directory. Note that, if you update your SDK, you should remember to update your PATH settings to point to the new location, if different.

If you will be using the Eclipse IDE as your environment for developing Android applications, continue reading the next section in order to install the Android Development Tools plugin and setup Eclipse. If you choose not to use Eclipse, you can develop Android applications using other tools — read the guide to developing In other IDEs.

Setting up Eclipse

First, you should install a custom plugin called Android Development Tools (ADT), which adds integrated support for Android projects and tools. The ADT plugin includes a variety of powerful extensions that make creating, running, and debugging Android applications faster and easier. Developing in ADT/Eclipse is highly recommended for Eclipse users and those new to Android.

To download and install the ADT plugin, follow the steps below for your respective Eclipse version.

Eclipse 3.3 (Europa)Eclipse 3.4 (Ganymede)
  1. Start Eclipse, then select Help > Software Updates > Find and Install....
  2. In the dialog that appears, select Search for new features to install and click Next.
  3. Click New Remote Site.
  4. In the resulting dialog box, enter a name for the remote site (e.g. Android Plugin) and enter this as its URL:

    Alternatively, you can use http in the Location URL, if you are having trouble with https (https is preferred for security reasons).

    Click OK.

  5. You should now see the new site added to the search list (and checked). Click Finish.
  6. In the subsequent Search Results dialog box, select the checkbox for Android Plugin > Developer Tools. This will check both features: "Android Developer Tools", and "Android Editors". The Android Editors feature is optional, but recommended. If you choose to install it, you need the WST plugin mentioned earlier in this page. Click Next.
  7. Read the license agreement and then select Accept terms of the license agreement. Click Next.
  8. Click Finish.
  9. The ADT plugin is not signed; you can accept the installation anyway by clicking Install All.
  10. Restart Eclipse.
  1. Start Eclipse, then select Help > Software Updates....
  2. In the dialog that appears, click the Available Software tab.
  3. Click Add Site...
  4. Enter this as the Location:

    Alternatively, you can use http in the Location URL, if you are having trouble with https (https is preferred for security reasons).

    Click OK.

  5. Back in the Available Software view, you should see the plugin. Select the checkbox next to Developer Tools and click Install...
  6. On the subsequent Install window, "Android Developer Tools", and "Android Editors" should both be checked. The Android Editors feature is optional, but recommended. If you choose to install it, you need the WST plugin mentioned earlier in this page. Click Next.
  7. Accept the license agreement and click Finish.
  8. Restart Eclipse.

Now, you just need to modify your Eclipse preferences to point to the Android SDK directory:

  1. Select Window > Preferences... to open the Preferences panel. (Mac OS X: Eclipse > Preferences)
  2. Select Android from the left panel.
  3. For the SDK Location in the main panel, click Browse... and locate the SDK directory.
  4. Click Apply, then OK.

Done! If you haven't encountered any problems, then you're ready to begin developing Android applications. We recommend you begin with the Hello World tutorial, which will teach you some basics about Android applications and how to create projects using Eclipse.

Troubleshooting ADT Installation

If you are having trouble downloading the ADT plugin after following the steps above, here are some suggestions:

  • If Eclipse can not find the remote update site containing the ADT plugin, try changing the remote site URL to use http, rather than https. That is, set the Location for the remote site to:
  • If you are behind a firewall (such as a corporate firewall), make sure that you have properly configured your proxy settings in Eclipse. In Eclipse 3.3/3.4, you can configure proxy information from the main Eclipse menu in Window (on Mac, Eclipse) > Preferences > General > Network Connections.

If you are still unable to use Eclipse to download the ADT plugin as a remote update site, you can download the ADT files to your local machine using a browser and the install the files in Eclipse from there:

  1. Download the ADT zip file (do not unpack it).
  2. Follow steps 1 and 2 in the default install instructions (above).
  3. In Eclipse 3.3, click New Archive Site....
    In Eclipse 3.4, click Add Site..., then Archive...
  4. Browse and select the downloaded the zip file.
  5. Follow the remaining procedures, above, starting from steps 5.

Note that to update your plugin, you will have to follow these steps again instead of the default update instructions.

Note that the "Android Editors" feature of ADT requires several optional Eclipse components (for example, WST). If you encounter an error when installing ADT, your Eclipse installion might not include those components. For information about how to quickly add the necessary components to your Eclipse installation, see the troubleshooting topic ADT Installation Error: "requires plug-in org.eclipse.wst.sse.ui".

For Linux users

If you encounter this error when installing the ADT Plugin for Eclipse:

An error occurred during provisioning.
Cannot connect to keystore.

...then your development machine lacks a suitable Java VM. Installing Sun Java 6 will resolve this issue and you can then reinstall the ADT Plugin.

Installation Notes

Ubuntu Linux Notes

  • If you need help installing and configuring Java on your development machine, you might find these resources helpful:
  • Here are the steps to install Java and Eclipse, prior to installing the Android SDK and ADT Plugin.
    1. If you are running a 64-bit distribution on your development machine, you need to install the ia32-libs package using apt-get::
      apt-get install ia32-libs
    2. Next, install Java:
      apt-get install sun-java6-bin
    3. The Ubuntu package manager does not currently offer an Eclipse 3.3 version for download, so we recommend that you download Eclipse from ( downloads/). A Java or RCP version of Eclipse is recommended.
    4. Follow the steps given in previous sections to install the SDK and the ADT plugin.

Other Linux Notes

  • If JDK is already installed on your development computer, please take a moment to make sure that it meets the version requirements listed at the top of this page. In particular, note that some Linux distributions may include JDK 1.4 or Gnu Compiler for Java, both of which are not supported for Android development.
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